Livia Ludhova: “JUNO: the first multi-kton liquid scintillator based neutrino detector”


The Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO) is a neutrino experiment under construction in a 700 m deep underground laboratory near Jiangmen in South China. The detector main component  will be 20 kton of liquid scintillator held in a spherical acrylic vessel. The experiment is designed for the determination of the neutrino mass ordering,  one of the open key questions in neutrino physics. This measurement will be based on the observation of vacuum oscillation of antineutrinos from two nuclear power plants at 53 km baseline. A key ingredient for the success is an excellent and extremely challenging energy resolution of 3% at 1 MeV. The light produced by the scintillator will be seen by about 20,000 large PMTs (20”) and about 25,000 small PMTs (3”). The OSIRIS detector will monitor the radio-purity of the liquid scintillator during the months-long filling of the maindetector, while the unoscillated spectrum from one reactor core is planned to be closely monitored by the Taishan Antineutrino Observatory (TAO). JUNO has also a potential to increase the precision of already measured neutrino oscillation parameters. Astrophysical measurements of solar, geo, supernova, DSNB, atmospheric neutrinos,  as well as searches for proton decay or dark matter are also a part of the vast physics programme. The seminar will review the physics goals, design, as well as the status of the JUNO project.